学习啦 伟鑫 2017-05-06 17:20:27
Vivien Leigh, born November 5, 1913 in Darjeeling, West Bengal, India, formerly known as Vivien Marie Hartley, British film and stage actor.
In 1935, Vivian Li starred in his first film "thriving", 1938 to the United States Hollywood film, by virtue of the film "Gone with the Wind" played Scarborough won the twelfth Oscar Award for best actress, Is also the first British actor to win this award. After Fei Wen Li returned to England to develop drama. After 1950, once again battles Hollywood, starred in the movie "Desire Street car". In 1951 by virtue of "Desire Streetcar" won the 16th Venice International Film Festival Wal-Mart Cup Best Actress Award, and in 1952 the second time to win the Oscar Award for best actress, became the first by the Venice Oscar-actress. In 1953 became the first British actress to win the British Film Academy Award (known as the British "Oscar"), 1963 won the Drama Award Tony Award for Best Actress Award. The disease became an obstacle to her career, and on July 7, 1967, died of tuberculosis at home in London, Eaton Square, 54. In 1999 by the American Film Society selected as the greatest actress in the first 16 years.
At the end of the year, at the end of the year, at the end of the year, Vivien Li met her 13-year-old lawyer, Herbert Lee Holman, and Vivienne agreed to marry him and married on December 20, 1932. Wen Li also dropped out of school.
In February 1940, Jill Esmond agreed to divorce Oliver, and Holman agreed to break up with Vivien Lee, and later they maintained a lifetime of friendship. On August 30, Oliver and Vivienne married in Santa Barbara, only witnesses Catherine Hepburn and Gason Cunning attended the ceremony.
In 1960, Vivien Lee and Oliver divorced, after Oliver and Joan Plolette married. In his autobiography mentioned in these years the two people encountered the problem because of the disease of Vivian Li.
Faye Lee and Oliver divorced, and John Merweier came together.
In 1935, Faye Lee played a female student with only one line in the film "Thriving", opening his own movie tour, and then playing Rose Venables in the "Country Gentleman". She hired a broker John Gleidon, who thought her name "Vivian Holman" was not suitable as a movie actor's name. She refused to Griffin for her name "Apulier Moen", the use of "Fei Wen Li" as the stage name. Gleiden recommended her to the director and producer Alexander Kodak as a candidate, but Kodak felt that she lacked the potential to refuse. In the same year, Vivian Li starred in Marjorie Belfer in the "Laughter" and Phil Stanley in the "Gentleman's Agreement".
In 1935, she starred in the drama "The Mask of Morality", playing the corner of the Han Li Ed Ducos.
In 1938, Vivienne went to the United States to visit the school where the "Wuthering Heights" a Lawrence Oliver, where, Feng Wen Li met the Serz Nick brothers, brothers and children just for the film "Gone with the Wind" layout Burned the scene of the city of Atlanta. And the role of Scarlett Scarlett has not yet determined the actor, Fei Wen Li was invited to audition. In February 1938, Vivienne let her American agent, Mellon Serznik (David Selznick's brother), recommended her to the producer. Selznick watched Fenley's performance in the "Holocaust" and "Oxford Storm", making her one of the most important candidates.
In 1939, Gold's gentle director William Wheeler invited Vivien Li played "Wuthering Heights" in the supporting actress Isabella, but she refused the invitation, claiming to play only the protagonist Cathy, and the role has long been determined by the silent Ou Erlun played.
On August 30, 1940, Oliver and Vivienne married in Santa Barbara. Marriage Faye Lee hopes to join Oliver with the "Butterfly Dream" audition, the film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and to determine Oliver starred in the actor. But after Vivienne's audition, Selznick said, "She does not look like innocent." Hitchcock and Vivienne's guide, George Chuck, hold the same view.
In 1940, Vivian Li starred in the "soul of the blue bridge" and "21 days" (the United States from the United Kingdom to introduce the issue of "21 days" for the time of 1940); the same year, Fei Wen and Lawrence Oliver married. "The soul of the blue bridge" originally intended by Oliver and Vivien Li starring, however, Selznick replaced the actor into Robert Taylor.
In 1940, Vivien Lee and Oliver starred in the Broadway stage "Romeo and Juliet". New York's media focused on reporting the fact that they were not faithful to their respective marriages and questioned why they did not return to England to contribute to the war. Comments on the show are also mostly negative. "Despite the handsome young people, they did not play their part at all," wrote Bruck Atkinson of the New York Times. "When most of them were against Oliver's performances and Director of the time, Fei Wen Li was also criticized. Critics Bernard Glebannier mentioned that "Miss Vivien Lee's voice is very fine, the level of the female clerk." The couple who put most of their savings for this stage play, so the performance failed to them In terms of the economy is a heavy blow.
In 1941, they both starred in "Mrs. Hamilton", Oliver played Holliday Nelson, Fei Wen Li played Emma Hamilton. Britain has been involved in the Second World War, the film was welcomed in the United States, and in the Soviet Union was successful.
In 1943, Vivian Li was traveling in North Africa, performing for officers and men until they continued to cough and fever.
In 1944, her left lung was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and after a few weeks in the hospital, she seemed to have recovered. In spring, she appeared in the film "Caesar and Cleopatra" found himself pregnant, but unfortunately abortion. She was very depressed, even when it was even Oliver abuse and hands, until he fell to the ground crying. This is the first time she had a complete collapse of the nerve, and later it happened many times.
In 1946, she recovered, resumed her performance, succeeded in Thornton Wilder's drama "Natal", but the film "Caesar and Clio Pella" and "Anna Calle Nina "are less successful.
In 1947, Oliver was awarded the title, Vivien Li accompanied him to Buckingham Palace to participate in the ceremony. She became Mrs. Oliver, even after they were later divorced, and she was still in social terms for Mrs. Oliver.
In June 1948, Oliver arrived in Brisbane, Australia. In 1848, Oliver was a member of the Board of Directors of the Old Vic Theater, where he traveled to Australia and New Zealand to fly for the theater. During the six-month trip, Oliver performed "Richard III" and also performed with Philip Leaf "Scandal School" and "Nine Death".
In 1951, Vivian Li starred in the Tennessee Williams screenwriter "Desire Streetcar" in the Blanche Du Boisi. Williams and producer Irene Meyer Selznick watched her in the "rumor school" and "Antigone" after the show decided to let her starred in the role, Oliver as director. "Desire Streetcar" won the second Oscar Award for Vivien Lee. In the same year, Vivien Li and Oliver performed two plays on Cleopatra, William Shakespeare's "Anthony and Cleopatra" and George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar and Cleopatra". After that, they came to New York and performed a full season at the Siegfi Theater.
In January 1953, Vivien Lee and Peter Finch went to Sri Lanka to shoot "Palace Palace". Shortly after the film was started, she experienced a mental breakdown. Paramount Pictures had to come to Elizabeth Taylor to replace her role. Oliver accompanied her back to the British home, and Vivienne told him that he had fallen in love with Vinci and had an ambiguous relationship with him. She gradually recovered in a few months. The disease made many Oliver friends know her illness. Fei Wen Li basic rehabilitation and Oliver performed the stage drama "Sleeping Beauty".
In 1955 she starred in the film "blue deep sea". In the same year in Shakespeare's hometown of Stratford town to perform a quarter of Shakespeare's drama, including "Twelfth Night", "Macbeth" and "Titus Antelnix". Noel Coward's new work "South China Sea bubble" invited Vivien Li as actress, Fei Wen Li pregnant out of the play. A few weeks later, she once again abortion, but also experienced a mental depression, this time up to several months. She and Oliver participated in the "Titus Anteluo Nixi" European tour, but the whole journey due to Vivien Li and Oliver and other colleagues often broke out of the conflict and bad things. When they returned to London, her ex-husband Holman and Oliver helped her to settle down.
In 1958, Vivian Li began to interact with actor John Merwever, who knew her health and assured Oliver that she would take care of her.
In 1959, Vivian Li participated in the performance of Noel Coward's comedy "Look After Lulu".
In 1961, Fu Wen Li participated in the film "Rome Spring" shooting. From July 1961 to May 1962, Meriere and her to participate in Australia, New Zealand and Latin America tour.
1963 participating in the Broadway musical "comrades" and won the Tony Award for best musical actress award.
Faye Lee last appeared on the screen is the 1965 film "Fool Boat", playing a lost lady.
In May 1967, when she rehearsed Edward Albi's stage play "delicate balance" with Michael Redgrave, plagued her more than 20 years of recurrence of tuberculosis, after a few weeks of rest It has been recovered. On the evening of July 7, 1967, Merriel, as usual, left her at home and went out to show that she was asleep when she returned home at midnight. After 30 minutes (already on July 8, 1967), Meriere returned to the bedroom and found that Vivienne was lying on the floor and had died at the age of 54. All theaters in London, England, extinguish the stage footlights for a minute, and the actors and the audience together mourn the performer. According to her wishes, died after her cornea donated (due to infection with tuberculosis and failed to do so); body cremation, the ashes will be sprinkled into her favorite little lake; their collection of paintings Duga's "bath girl" gift To the ex-husband Lawrence Oliver.
Fei Wen Li's ashes are scattered in a lake in his hometown, close to England's East Sussex. A memorial ceremony was held at the Church of San Martín in Westminster, where John Gilgood read the eulogy. In the United States, the University of Southern California also held a memorial service, George Chuk and other friends read eulogy.